It is a specialty of dentistry that is responsible for correcting the incorrectly positioned teeth and bones . The teeth in bad position and they do not bite properly against each other , are difficult to keep clean , are at risk of being lost early due to tooth decay and periodontal disease, and cause extra stress on the chewing muscles that can cause headaches , TMJ syndrome and several neck , shoulder and back pain. In addition , the teeth crooked or improperly detract from our appearance.
Orthodontic treatments have the advantage of providing a healthy mouth, a more pleasing appearance and teeth that are more likely to last a lifetime.
Your dentist or orthodontist can determine if you need orthodontic treatment based on diagnostic elements such as full medical and dental history , clinical examination, plaster models of your teeth , x-rays and photographs .
If you have any of the following conditions, you may need orthodontic treatment:
Overbite: The crowns of the maxillary anterior teeth almost completely cover the crowns of the lower teeth.
Underbite: The patient has an aspect of “bulldog”, or the lower teeth are too far forward or the upper position themselves very backward.
Crossbite: It occurs when biting usually the upper teeth do not fall slightly ahead of the previous lower or slightly outside the lower posterior teeth.
Openbite: space that occurs between the biting surfaces of the front teeth when somewhere the rest are closed.
Midline Shifted: Occurs when the imaginary line that divides the center of your upper front teeth does not line up with the lower teeth.
Spacing: Separations or spaces between the teeth as a result of missing teeth or teeth that do not occupy all the space.
Crowding: When the teeth are too large to be accommodated in space provided by the jaws.